Types of Antibiotics & its Allergies

Antibiotics are amid the frequently prescribed medications. Few antibiotics are bactericidal, that means they work by killing bacteria quickly. Other antibiotics are bacteriostatic, that means they work by stopping the growth of bacteria. Every different type of antibiotic affects different bacteria in dissimilar ways. There are several different types of antibiotics. The kind of antibiotics you take relies on the kind of infection you have and what type of antibiotics are known to be successful. Below are given types of antibiotics and its allergies. By joining forum groups online, you can ask medical questions to get medical information.

Macrolides: Macrolides work effectively, kill more bacteria and have some side effects. Macrolides belong to polyketide class of organic products. Macrolides antibiotics are used for the treatment of genital, soft tissue infection caused by specific bacteria, respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract. Macrolides bind with ribosome’s of the susceptible bacteria for preventing protein production. This action is chiefly bacteriostatic however is bactericidal in high concentrations. Macrolides cause allergy problems that are comparable to penicillin and cephalosporin. The main concern with these medicines is that they irritate your stomach. Generally prescribed macrolides include azithromycin, erythromycin, roxithromycin and clarithromycin.

Amino-glycosides: Amino-glycoside antibiotics are particularly used for the treatment of infections that are caused by gram-negative bacteria. These antibiotics can also be used with penicillin’s for giving a two-pronged attack on bacteria. Amino-glycoside antibiotics work well however, bacteria become resistant to them. As Amino-glycosides are broken down with ease in your stomach, they are not given orally and should be injected. When injected, side effects include possible injury to the ears and to the kidneys. It can be lessened by checking the drug amount in your blood and adjusting the dose so that there is sufficient drug to kill bacteria, however not too much to cause side effects. Usually, Amino-glycosides are given for short period of time. Amino-glycosides are given to people, who are allergic to them. Dizziness is one of the most common allergies that occur by sing amino-glycosides. If you are pregnant, it is crucial to suggest the doctors about your condition as few experiments have shown that amino-glycosides cause injury to the unborn child. The most frequently prescribed amino-glycosides include gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin, kanamycin, streptomycin and amikacin

Cephalosporins: Cephalosporins are categorized chronically and hence classified into first, second and third generations. Recently, three generations of cephalosporins are recognized and fourth has been proposed. Every new generation of cephalosporin has negative antimicrobial properties as compared to preceding generation. The later-generation cephalosporins have great effect against bacteria. Cephalosporins are used for the treatment of strep throat, tonsillitis, otitis media, and different kinds of skin infections, staph infections, gonorrhea and bronchitis. Cephalosporin antibiotics are generally used for surgical prophylaxis. They are closely related to penicillin’s. Most commonly prescribed cephalosporins:  include cefadroxil, cephalexin, cephazolin and cephradine. Cephalosporins cause allergic reactions. These reactions occur because of the structure of cephalosporin side chain. People with penicillin allergy are not given cephalosporins as they cause an allergic reaction in a person. This restricts the available selections of antibiotics for people with penicillin allergy and result in delayed administration of antibiotics, if a person has an infection.

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