One needs about 60 nutrients per day for optimal health and long life. These nutrients should be in balanced proportions as required by your body. The key is not actually the different nutrients but the balanced quantities.
The irony is that no matter how best we try to eat a balanced diet containing 60 of these required nutrients, we can only meet a little proportion of the body requirements. It has been proved that only about 2% of people world-wide consume balanced diet. For this obvious reason, therefore, health and nutritional experts strongly advise on the supplementation of our diets to ensure a better health and long life.
Eating well is always a good practice for everyone to pursue, both young and old. Assuring that your body is getting the right nutrition is very much more important for women of child bearing age. Although, vitamins, protein, minerals and a whole range of nutrients found in fruits, vegetables and grains all play important roles in providing strength and vitality, a special group of nutrients found in salmon fish known as Omega fatty acids deserve special attention for mothers and mothers-to-be.
Nutrients described as the 6 chains of life are –
Protein: Protein is vital to human life as water and oxygen. It is only protein that can supply us with the material from which we are made. Protein is composed of small chemicals known as amino acids. Of the 22 amino acids, 14 can be constructed by the body while the other 8 known as essential acids cannot be produced by the body and can be got from the food we eat.
Enzyme: Enzymes are tiny elements that may be more valuable to our health than other nutrients. They are found in living cells and carry our digestive functions as
• Changing carbohydrate into fat
• Transforming protein into sugar and fat
• Storing glycogen in the liver and muscles
• The help dispose the waste products of digestion, etc.
Vitamin: Vitamins are in two categories, fat soluble (vit. A,D,E and K) and water soluble (vit. B and C). The body can only store the fat soluble vitamins while be stored. They are considered as smaller nutrients because the body needs them in relatively small amounts compared with nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins fats and water.
Mineral: Mineral is needed for the proper composition of the body fluids and formation of blood and bone and maintenance of nerve function, regulation of muscle, including that of the cardio vascular system. A deficiency of minerals leads to different health problems.
Carbohydrate: Carbohydrate supplies the body with energy. We have simple carbohydrates, which include simple sugars, table sugars and milk sugars as well as other sugars. It is the main source of blood glucose used to produce energy for the body while the excess is stored as fat in the body.
Lipids and Sterols: These are essential fats found in plants, grains and legumes. The found to play an important part in cellular health because they help to make the cell membranes soft and permit nutrients from getting into the cells and enable the easy elimination of wastes.