Coenzyme Q10, known as C0Q10, is an oil-soluble pseudo-vitamin that is naturally produced and used in mitochondria of all eucaryotic cells. The mitochondria are responsible for the energy production in the cells, and C0Q10 is an important part in what is called the electron transport chain, which is involved in cellular respiration. During cellular respiration, C0Q10 helps in the creation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the source of 95% of human energy.
C0Q10 has also been found to be a powerful antioxidant. As such, it can rid the body of damaging free radicals. Free radicals are naturally-occurring toxins that can disturb cellular DNA, damage cell membranes, and in some cases, kill cells completely. Free radicals are thought to be a major contributing factor in aging and a number of diseases. C0Q10 and other antioxidants can rid the body of these dangerous free radicals, keeping the body healthy, resisting the aging process, and lowering the risk of disease.
C0Q10 was first found and observed in 1957 by Professor Fredrick L. Crane at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The following year, a researcher at the pharmaceutical company Merck, Dr. Karl Folkers, mapped the chemical structure and published the results
C0Q10, as a dietary supplement, is an oil-soluble crystalline powder. It is absorbed by the body when introduced orally as any other fat or lipid. The actual process of absorption seems to be identical to how vitamin E, also oil-soluble, is absorbed. Normal digestion of food aids in the absorption of C0Q10.
C0Q10, once in the bloodstream, is made available to all cells, and it is primarily metabolized at the cellular level throughout the entire body. Studies show that C0Q10 levels return to normal within 2 to 3 days after taking an oral supplement.