Body building is a term very common in exercise physiology literature. Exercise physiology generally refers to the study of how the human body functions during various types of exercises in diverse intensity and durations. The body responds very distinctly during short-lived high or low intensity exercises or during prolonged moderate or intense exercises. It is on this basis that today we have sports referred to as endurance sports such as ultra marathons, triathlons, marathons and the road pedal-bicycle racing among others.
Endurance is mostly trained and perfected by resistance training and that is where body building comes in. most basic body building exercises involve resistance training whether in free weight lifting, curls or machine exercises. Footballers, cyclists, marathoners, wrestlers and boxers all incorporate some form of body building exercises in their daily workouts to increase muscle power and build on their muscle endurance. Exercise physiology experts usually recommend such exercises as weight lifting to these assorted athletes primarily because these exercises stimulates the body to develop in specific traits.
Exercise physiology is also concerned with how body organs respond to exercises. The liver for example always generates extra quantities of glucose if cardiovascular exercises are undertaken. The heart beat rate, lungs’ respiratory system and metabolism process are usually amplified during exercises provided that adequate food and oxygen is supplied. When exercises are very intense and then very prolonged, a decline of glucose is noted in the bloodstream. If not checked such glucose deficiency might cause hypoxemia or even hypoglycemia. This are examples of the concerns featured in body building’s exercises physiology.
Other concerns include dehydration. Due to amplified sweating and metabolic processes, water is used up very fast from the body and needs to be replenished as fast or even faster. Failure to replenish the water supply may cause physical and cognitive impairments primarily as a result of dehydration. Exercises when very demanding and long-lived cause a reduction of plasma sodium levels in the blood.
In essence therefore, the concern of exercise physiology is how the body responds to exercises. This is very important because such knowledge helps determine which types of exercises are more effective to achieve particular ends like weight loss, fat combustion, muscle increase etc. these type of findings are also very essential in determining which type of foods, minerals and nutrients a body builder should consume so as to reap maximum gains from his or her body building program. Exercise physiology research has formed a very sound basis of determining the duration and intensity ideal for an individual’s body building session.
Some practices that were detrimental to traditional body builders have been outlawed by exercise physiology findings and therefore modern body building has evolved to efficiency, safety and speed based solely on this discipline. It is therefore important for a body builder to seek the professional advice of an expert exercise physiologist to get personalized advice on how to structure his or her workout routine to enable maximal gains from the body building program.